地壳物质组成及资源专题展区

      地壳是指由岩石组成的固体外壳,是地球固体圈层的最外层,由各种矿物和岩石组成。地壳构成了人类及各种生物赖以生存的物质基础。

      展出的近千件矿物、矿石、岩石藏品,来自全国各地及国外,种类齐全,组合精美。

      汇集了矿物系统分类:自然元素、硫化物、氧化物、卤化物和碳酸盐、硅酸盐等所有类别的标本。包含了铁、锰、钛等黑色金属,以及金、银等贵金属,铜、铅、锌、锡、铋等重金属,钨、钼等稀有金属的丰富矿产资源。

      多件巨型藏品中,单件重达 8 ~ 18 吨,汇集了宝石级闪锌矿、含金黄铁矿-黄铜矿、碳酸锶矿、方解石、萤石、方铅矿、毒砂等。尽显丰富地壳物质资源的构成。

大世界基尼斯之最——巨型菱锶矿晶簇


镇馆之宝——发光石


Theme Exhibition of the Physical Composition and Resources of the Crust

      The crust is the outermost solid shell of the Earth, composed of various minerals and rocks. It is the physical foundation for the human beings and other lives on the Earth.

      This room houses one thousand items. The entire collection of mineral ores, substances and rocks from China and all over the world is carefully arranged for the educational purpose.

      In this collection there are samples of all categories of natural elements, sulfides, oxides, halides, carbonates, silicates; samples of ferrous metals like iron, manganese and titanium, precious metals like gold and silver; samples of heavy metals like copper, lead, zinc, tin and bismuth; samples of rare metals like tungsten and molybdenum.

      There are several colossal items on display to bring out the richness of the crust’s resources, each weighing from 8 to 18 tons. They are samples of precious stone level zinc blende, gold pyrite-chalcopyrite, strontianite, calcite, fluorite, galena and arsenopyrite.

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